"Bags and Purses: The Story of Chic and Practicality" written by Ida Tomshinsky is a new book in the popular HISTORY OF FASHION ACCESSORIES series. This is a story of handbags, the essential fashion accessory, that we carry and we wear over the shoulder.
Modern day workbags are like jobs, they come with benefits, qualifications, and compensations.
The materialistic girls like diamonds. Elizabeth
Taylor said “Big girls need big diamonds.” May West added some humor to her
diamond attitude: “I never worry about diets. The only carrots that interest me
are the number you get in a diamond.” Having been engaged rather a lot of
times, Zsa Zsa Gabor was asked whether a lady should give back the ring. She
answered: “Of course ‘dahlink,’ but first, you take out all the diamonds.” “A
kiss on a hand may be quite continental, but diamonds are a girl’s best
friend,” – says Glee lyrics, and repeating after Marilyn Monroe and Madonna. Girl
by Marilyn Monroe/Madonna, also known as “Sparkling Diamonds from Moulin
Rouge!” “Men grow cold as girls grow old, and
we all lose our charms in the end. But square-cut or pear-shaped, these rocks
don't lose their shape.” True, very true.
On a positive side, we always associating
excellence and greatness with diamonds. The popular gem is brilliant,
breathtaking, and mysterious. The word “diamond” comes from the Greek word
“Adams” and this means “unconquerable and indestructible.” There are fun facts
about diamonds: diamonds weight is measured in carats, not carrots or karats.
The word carat is derived from Keration, the Greek name for the carob tree.
Carat weight became metric: one carat is equivalent to 0.2 grams or o,007
ounces. The largest rough diamond was discovered in 1905, the Cullinan diamond,
in South Africa. It weighs was a phenomenon at 3,106 carats (ct.)! Two largest
legendary diamonds, the Great Star of Africa and the Lesser Star of Africa, are
part of the crown jewels of Great Britain.
Diamonds come in all colors of the rainbow. Blue,
green, brown, orange, pink and red are the rarest; pale yellow to colorless are
the most common. Diamonds were used to engrave gemstones in India by 300 BCE,
followed by Brazil. In 2014, Russia produced the most diamonds by volume and
value. The United States buys more than forty percent of the world’s gem
quality diamonds – making it as the world’s largest diamond market.
Since ancient times, diamonds have been admired
objects of desire. Formed one hundred miles beneath the Earth’s surface over a
billion years ago, diamonds are the hardest gem of all. Diamonds are the
hardest natural substance on Earth. Diamonds have a long history of folklore;
some of which say diamonds were created when bolts of lightning struck rocks,
and others said the gem possessed healing powers. Greek historian Pliny wrote
that “diamond baffles poison, keep of insanity and dispels vain fears.” The
ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were slinters of stars fallen from sky on
the earth. Romans believed that diamonds had the power to ward off evil and
wore them as talismans. This believe comes from Indian mythology as well.
For centuries, diamonds have been adorned by women
and men and regarded as the ultimate gift and a symbol of eternal love. The
earliest record of a man giving diamond to a woman, comes from 1477, when the
Archduke of Austria gave a diamond to Mary of Burgundy. Today, diamonds are
still admired all around the world. Until the middle of the twentieth century,
there was no standard by which diamonds could be evaluated. The Gemological
Institute of America (GIA) provided and now is globally accepted the standard
for describing diamonds: color, clarity, cut, and carat weight. Today, the rule
of ‘4C’s of Diamond Quality’ standard is the universal method for assessing the
quality of any diamond, anywhere in the world.
Originally known as the Hollywood Jewelry Company,
Hollycraft sold under their own name and also manufactured for several other
companies, including Weiss and Pakula. This company began in 1938 as Hollywood
Jewelry, but the mark was soon changed to Hollycraft because of possible
confusion with Joseff of Hollywood. It was founded by a Turkish immigrant called
Joseph Chorbajian, his cousin and Jack Hazard. The company was located in New
York City. The Hollycraft mark first appeared in 1948. Pieces manufactured
during the 1950's were dated. Hollycraft known for a distinctive mix of small
stones and their pastel combinations, particularly in the Christmas tree
brooches. Hollycraft terminated their production in the late 1970's.
The Legacy of the company lives on because of the
excellent craftsmanship and designs. Known for its quality pieces, Hollycraft
is very popular with vintage costume jewelry collectors. In fact, there are
some costume jewelry enthusiasts who collect Hollycraft jewelry only from a
specific year!These pieces feature
iridescent aurora borealis stones. Some
of the most popular designs from the 1950s are those using pastel stones of
amethysts aqua, citrine, dark fuchsia pink, olivine, etc. in rich and complex
patterns.The Hollycraft jewelry pieces
are nearly always done in goldtone metal findings.Because coordinating sets of jewelry were very
popular in the 1950s and early 1960s, Hollycraft created wonderful complete
sets, or parures, which included necklace, earrings, bracelet, brooch and
sometimes a ring.Matched sets are more
difficult to come by as pieces get lost or become damaged over the years,
therefore they often have an increased value to collectors.
Many women enjoy wearing jewelry. Wearing an ankle
bracelet is no exception. The ankle bracelets are also called anklets. Ankle
bracelets became fashionable in United States in the late 20th century. They
are trendy on the West, and have a history going back centuries to ancient
Egypt and Southeast Asia.
They are used as an accent to casual attire that
bears the ankle area. They are usually worn in summer or at times when the legs
and feet are exposed. There are some basic ankle bracelet etiquette rules to
keep in mind when wearing the anklet. The ankle bracelet can be seen as
sexually suggestive, and it is not considered appropriate to wear them in
professional or formal environment. It is a big no-no to wear them to
interviews, to the office or dinner parties. It is appropriate to wear ankle
bracelets for casual and fun environments such as pool party or a trip to the
beach. Because for their sexual overtones, ankle bracelets are mainly worn by
younger women. On older women, they are looking tacky or in bad taste,
over-the-top. Deborah Boland of the “Fabulous After 40” believes that ankle
bracelets worn by older women is silly and looks trashy, evoking associations
with “slave girls.”
As usual, the ankle bracelets are matched with
flats and sandals without an ankle strap and look good with shorts, capris or
skirts. Although most wear them on the right ankle.
I came to work for the Learning Resources Center (LRC) at the ITT Technical Institute in September 2005. During my professional career, I worked in special, public, and academic libraries since the age of sixteen – including Latvian State Science and Technology Library, International Fine Arts College, Main Library at the Miami-Dade Public Library System, and Art Institutes Miami International University of Art & Design. I received my Master's of Library Science and Bibliography at the LSU (Latvian State University) in 1976. At my free time, I enjoy running, knitting, reading, and writing.
I published three poetry books, and a nonfiction book called “Fashion Librarian” about fashion resources, study and teaching, and information literacy for fashion design.
You can contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.